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What Are the Legal Requirements for a Fire Door?

What Are the Legal Requirements for a Fire Door?

Installing certified fire doors is crucial for the legally mandated fire protection systems in UK buildings. But what specifications exactly make a fire door compliant when selecting or buying options? 

Understanding the key requirements helps you ensure a building meets fire doors regulations.

UK Fire Door Rules

The government’s Approved Document B contains the official standards for legal fire door requirements in homes and non-domestic buildings across England, Wales and Scotland.

It details the minimum benchmarks for:

Fire Ratings

Doors must block fire passage for substantial periods like 30 mins or 2 hours when testing simulates realistic blaze conditions. Ratings validate resistance.

Smoke Control

Doors must integrate seals and vision panel glazing that restricts smoke flooding adjacent rooms to maintain breathable conditions.

Certification Labels

Required legal labels display manufacturer, fire rating, codes and standards for authorities to identify and verify compliant products.

Approved Installation

Certified fire doors must be expertly fitted to guidelines on hardware positioning, adequate frames and expansion gap allowances needed to maintain future temperature shift insulation as intended.

Inspection Regimes

External assessors re-check doors onsite including self-closing functionality, intact perimeter smoke seals and other core components annually alongside building risk reviews. This ensures certified fire protection persists in line with original rated performance assurances.

Fire Resistance Duration

Fundamentally, regulations state that any qualified fire door needs proven ability to hold back flames and heat for substantial periods of time. Common legal ratings making doors compliant include 30, 60 and 120 minute resistance, known as FD30, FD60 and FD120.

Third Party Certification

Ideally, fire doors have documentation from independent test facilities confirming they meet current rules. Certifications like Certifire or Efectis show impartial examiners have vetted the door against regulatory benchmarks. Legitimate certificates clearly list applied standards.

Door Hardware Requirements

Assessors check hardware like self-closing mechanisms that completely shut doors without manual input, ensuring they aren’t left partly open. Other hardware like hinges and locks must also withstand fire temperatures for the listed rating duration without failing. 

Expandable intumescent seals and overhead smoke seals also fall under legal requirements.

Permanent Legal Labels

Official standards mandate permanent labels on certified fire doors showing:

No label typically signals non-compliance. Tampering also becomes illegal.

Ongoing Inspection and Upkeep

Even after proper installation, legal duties around lifetime inspection and maintenance preserve certified fire door protection. Following manufacturer guidelines for any rehanging, penetrations or upgrades avoids compromising ratings.

Bradbury Group – Compliant Fire Doors

UK fire door regulations impose numerous performance, testing, labelling and inspection requirements for legal compliance providing certified protection. Working with reliable manufacturers like Bradbury Group makes satisfying the many rules achievable.

Bradbury Group’s fire doors, such as the Capital45 and M2M+ doorsets, meet legal mandates through rigorous designs assessed by certification bodies to validate fire resistance ratings. 

Get in Touch

Our team tailors doors purpose-built for a building’s needs while following current regulations. Discuss your project with our advisors!